With typical pressures from 400 to 2,070 bar (5,800 to 30,000 psi) and temperatures up to 2,000°C (3,632°F), HIP can achieve 100% of maximum theoretical density and improve the ductility and fatigue resistance of critical, high-performance materials. The components are often of net shape or near net shape configuration.
Common applications for hot isostatic pressing include defect healing of castings, consolidation of powder metal and ceramic parts or diffusion bonding. The technology is expanding into new applications such as very large castings as well as very large HIP clad P/M to solid or P/M to P/M wear components. Other areas are metal injection molded parts and large P/M parts to replace extended-delivery forgings.